"Health experts still suggest that dinner table and bedrooms should be media-free spaces. Also, media time shouldn’t be used by parents to sooth upset children as this can impact their coping skills. The guidelines suggest that parents can ideally watch high-quality programming along with kids for up to one hour per day."
Saturday, October 22, 2016
Health activists say that by selling such sugary and high-cal beverages, the coffee giant is triggering obesity epidemic in UK.
"Health activists say that by selling such sugary and high-cal beverage, the US coffee giant is triggering the obesity epidemic in the UK.
The amount of calories this tea contains has been described as "shocking" by Kawther Hashem, a nutritionist from health pressure group Action on Sugar.
"Coffee shop chains must immediately reduce the amount of sugar in these hot drinks, improve their labelling and stop selling the extra-large serving sizes," Hashem was quoted as saying by The Sun."
Soc Neurosci. 2016 Oct 19. [Epub ahead of print]
"From crazy diets to dangerous gym routines, the web is awash with pseudo-experts offering advice that’s at best untested and possibly lethal. No wonder doctors want us to check in with them first.
But here’s the thing, when it comes to diet and fitness advice, they, too, may be peddling nonsense.
More than perhaps any other area of modern medicine, nutrition and exercise has repeatedly fallen prey to unproven claims, dodgy practices and pure myth."
J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2016 Nov;81(5 Suppl 2 Proceedings of the 2015 Military Health System Research Symposium):S150-S156.
Incidence, risk factors, and mortality associated with acute respiratory distress syndrome in combatcasualty care.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:
Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Sep;95(38):e4953. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000004953.
Int J Drug Policy. 2016 Oct 18;39:69-77. doi: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2016.08.014. [Epub ahead of print]
Why medical ethics matters: "Scratching the surface of the history of any real human-skin book usually reveals a doctor was the one wielding the knife."
"Scratching the surface of the history of any real human-skin book usually reveals a doctor was the one wielding the knife. At a time when physicians were climbing social classes and enjoying the trappings of their new wealth and status—including becoming collectors of fine art and books—at least a few chose to preserve the hides of deceased indigent patients to bind copies of their own work or of those that they admired, like anatomist Andreas Vesalius. (Brown University’s Hay Library holds a large, beautiful anthropodermic Vesalius, in addition to three other books proved to be bound in human skin.) At the same time, public executions were one of the only legal sources for obtaining bodies for dissection. Doctors sometimes removed the skins of infamous murderers and used them to bind books about their deeds—a fact well known enough to serve as a kind of deterrent. The most infamous case is the pocket-sized book bound in the skin of William Burke, half of the Scottish duo Burke and Hare, who murdered sixteen people in order to sell their bodies to doctors for dissection. Like his unfortunate victims, Burke could not escape the anatomist’s knife in the end, and his skin book resides in Surgeons’ Hall Museum in Edinburgh. While doctors today refuse to participate in executions, citing the principle of “first do no harm,” doctors in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries worked with their governments to ensure their access to dead bodies for anatomical learning."
Bioethics. 2016 Nov;30(9):698-705. doi: 10.1111/bioe.12285.
Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications of Personalized Genomic Medicine Research: Current Literature and Suggestions for the Future.
“Even if we accounted for health effects attributed to being overweight, these people still experience double the risk of allostatic load because of weight discrimination,” said Vadiveloo. The findings expose flaws in society’s approach to weight control, she said.
Friday, October 21, 2016
"The scientists have shown a new mechanism by which the brain can affect the development of obesity triggered by consuming a high-fat diet. Consuming a high-fat diet results in changes in the brain that increase Rap1 activity, which in turn leads to a decreased sensitivity to leptin, and this sets the body on a path to obesity."
Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2016 Sep;140(9):956-7. doi: 10.5858/arpa.2016-0172-SA. Epub 2016 May 19.
Physical activity is a cornerstone of advice to both prevent and manage T2D, having been shown to lower blood glucose levels, reduce cardiovascular risk, and help reduce body fat in the large number of diabetics who are overweight or obese. Current advice for those with T2D promotes a minimum of 150 minutes of PA per week divided into 5 days of 30 minutes each. These 30 minutes per day can be completed either as a single block, or spread throughout the day, to aid compliance. It does not, however, specify when that activity should take place, and as the authors state: "The current study is the first controlled study conducted in free-living adults with T2D that has aimed to determine whether prescribed walking taken for short periods after meals confers longer-term benefits than walking on a single occasion at any time of the day."
Global Health. 2016 Oct 12;12(1):63.
Eradicating polio in Pakistan: an analysis of the challenges and solutions to this security and health issue.
"The European Health Interview Survey, conducted by Eurostat, showed that almost 1 in 6 adults — 15.9 percent — in the EU is considered obese. The instance of the condition increased with factors like age and fell with higher levels of education, Eurostat data showed.
The barriers and enablers of healthy eating among young adults ("...government intervention ...remains essential...")
Obes Rev. 2016 Oct 20. doi: 10.1111/obr.12472. [Epub ahead of print]
The barriers and enablers of healthy eating among young adults: a missing piece of the obesity puzzle: A scoping review.
Genetics. 2016 Oct;204(2):423-434.
Librado P1, Fages A2, Gaunitz C1, Leonardi M1, Wagner S3, Khan N4, Hanghøj K2, Alquraishi SA5, Alfarhan AH5, Al-Rasheid KA5, Der Sarkissian C1, Schubert M1, Orlando L6.
Thorac Cancer. 2011 May;2(2):35-44. doi: 10.1111/j.1759-7714.2011.00043.x.
Prev Med. 2016 Sep 21;93:115-120. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2016.09.016. [Epub ahead of print]