"As diagnosing cancer becomes more complex, communication between pathologists and clinical oncologists has become critical to accurately diagnose cancer, optimize cancer treatment, and advance cancer research. The CAP and ASCO aim to improve the development, application, interpretation, and dissemination of pathology tests—including tumor markers and molecular diagnostics—in cancer care."
Tuesday, December 23, 2014
Current HER2 Testing Recommendations and Clinical Relevance as a Predictor of Response to Targeted Therapy
Clin Breast Cancer. 2014 Dec 2. pii: S1526-8209(14)00267-5. doi: 10.1016/j.clbc.2014.11.009. [Epub ahead of print]
Current HER2 Testing Recommendations and Clinical Relevance as a Predictor of Response to Targeted Therapy.
Can J Psychiatry. 2014 Mar;59(3):141-7.
Ann Glob Health. 2014 September - October;80(5):370-377. doi: 10.1016/j.aogh.2014.09.009.
Cognition. 2014 Dec 12. pii: S0010-0277(14)00245-5. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2014.11.025. [Epub ahead of print]
81% of outbreaks caused by nonpasteurized milk were in states in which nonpasteurized milk sale is legal
Emerg Infect Dis. 2015 Jan;21(1):119-122. doi: 10.3201/eid2101.140447.
JMIR Res Protoc. 2014 Dec 19;3(4):e78.
Development and Validation of a Personalized, Web-Based Decision Aid for Lung Cancer Screening Using Mixed Methods: A Study Protocol.
"Sure, you’re happy to be alive, but how are you supposed to bake cookies when you can’t stand the sight of food?"
Researchers and survivors offer tips on getting through the season after a diagnosis
Dec. 22, 2014|
By Diane Mapes / Fred Hutch News Service
"Surviving the holidays takes on a whole new meaning when you’ve been diagnosed with cancer. Sure, you’re happy to be alive, but how are you supposed to bake cookies when you can’t stand the sight of food? Attend the annual holiday party when you’re wrung out from radiation? Go shopping or wrap presents when your hands and feet don’t work because of chemo-induced nerve damage?"
Maturitas. 2013 Feb;74(2):109-13. doi: 10.1016/j.maturitas.2012.10.014. Epub 2012 Nov 29.
"Researchers state that the reason for this is possibly the lack of iron, a thing which is associated with fast food. This leads to a slowing in development of certain processes in the brain."
Underlying differences between conscientious omnivores and vegetarians in the evaluation of meat and animals
Appetite. 2014 Dec 18. pii: S0195-6663(14)00767-3. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2014.12.206. [Epub ahead of print]
Underlying differences between conscientious omnivores and vegetarians in the evaluation of meat and animals.
Monday, December 22, 2014
Thursday, December 18, 2014
by Carrie Strehlau
A study led by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists has identified the population of white blood cells that tumors use to enhance growth and suppress the disease-fighting immune system. The results, which appear in the December 18 edition of the scientific journal Immunity, mark a turning point in cancer immunology and provide the foundation for developing more effective immunotherapies.
LONDON — Dec 18, 2014, 6:43 AM ET
LONDON — Dec 18, 2014, 6:43 AM ET
The European Court of Justice says obesity can be a disability, a ruling that could have consequences for employers across the continent.
The court ruled Thursday in the case of a Danish child-minder who says he was unfairly fired for being fat.
The court said if obesity hinders "full and effective participation in professional life," it could count as a disability. Discrimination on the grounds of disability is illegal under European Union law.
Br J Sociol. 2014 Dec;65(4):650-66. doi: 10.1111/1468-4446.12111.
I set out and explain Piketty's model of the dynamics of capitalism based on two equations and the r > g inequality (his central contradiction of capitalism). I then take issue with Piketty's analysis of the rebuilding of inequality from the 1970s to the present on three grounds: First, his model is based on the (neo-classical) assumption that companies are essentially passive actors who invest the amount savers choose to accumulate at equilibrium output - leading to the counterintuitive result that companies respond to the secular fall in growth (and hence their product markets) from the 1970s on by increasing their investment relative to output; this does indeed imply increased inequality on Piketty's β measure, the ratio of capital to output. I suggest a more realistic model in which businesses determine investment growth based on their expectations of output growth, with monetary policy bringing savings into line with business-determined investment; the implication of this model is that β does not change at all. And in fact as other recent empirical work which I reference has noted, β has not changed significantly over these recent decades. Hence Piketty's central analysis of the growth of contemporary inequality requires rethinking. Second, despite many references to the need for political economic analysis, Piketty's analysis of the growth of inequality in the period from the 1970s to the present is almost devoid of it, his explanatory framework being purely mathematical. I sketch what a political economic framework might look like during a period when politics was central to inequality. Third, inequality in fact rose on a variety of dimensions apart from β (including poverty which Piketty virtually makes no reference to in this period), but it is unclear what might explain why inequality rose in these other dimensions.
This article offers a 'local', British, reading of Piketty's landmark book, Capital in the Twenty-First Century, suggesting that the challenge it offers to sociological approaches to inequality is more fundamental than hitherto recognized. The variations in 'national trajectories' exposed by Piketty reveal Britain to be anomalous in terms of standard approaches to the path dependencies embedded in different welfare regimes. Using the recent work of Monica Prasad on 'settler capitalism' in the USA and the tax and debt-finance regime associated with it, the article suggests that colonialism and empire and its postwar unravelling has had deep consequences for British social stratification, albeit largely neglected by British sociologists. Finally, it points to the fact that the form of tax and debt-finance regime that has become reinforced in Britain is at the heart of recent radical reforms to higher education. These are the currently unexplicated conditions of our future practice as sociologists and, therefore, an obstacle to building a critical sociology on the foundations laid out by Piketty.
Thomas Piketty's imposing volume has brought serious economics firmly into the mainstream of public debate on inequality, yet political science has been mostly absent from this debate. This article argues that political science has an essential contribution to make to this debate, and that Piketty's important and powerful book lacks a clear political theory. It develops this argument by first assessing and critiquing the changing nature of political science and its account of contemporary capitalism, and then suggesting how Piketty's thesis can be complemented, extended and challenged by focusing on the ways in which politics and collective action shape the economy and the distribution of income and wealth. Although Capital's principal message is that 'capital is back' and that without political interventions active political interventions will continue to grow, a political economy perspective would suggest another rather more fundamental critique: the very economic forces Piketty describes are embedded in institutional arrangements which can only be properly understood as political phenomena. In a sense capital itself - the central concept of the book - is almost meaningless without proper consideration of its political foundations. Even if the fact of capital accumulation may respond to an economic logic, the process is embedded in a very political logic. The examples of housing policy and the regulation, and failure to regulate, financial markets are used to illustrate these points.
Br J Sociol. 2014 Dec;65(4):607-18. doi: 10.1111/1468-4446.12104.
Br J Sociol. 2014 Dec;65(4):678-95. doi: 10.1111/1468-4446.12110.
The politics of Piketty: what political science can learn from, and contribute to, the debate on Capital in the Twenty-First Century.
J Med Ethics. 2015 Jan;41(1):125-8. doi: 10.1136/medethics-2014-102296.
Rev Esc Enferm USP. 2014 Aug;48(spe):7-15. Epub 2014 Aug 1.
Women survivors of intimate partner violence: the difficult transition to independence.
[Article in English, Portuguese]
Home Health Care Serv Q. 2014 Dec 17. [Epub ahead of print]
Wednesday, December 17, 2014
"...the safety, efficacy, and long-term effects of devices are frequently insufficiently known upon device approval."
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2014 Dec 15;39(26):2115-2118.
"Because these expanding moral feelings feel so good to us, we are incapable of perceiving the danger from their ever-expanding focus, in particular from the sincere but increasingly maladaptive collective policies they will engender."
Politics Life Sci. 2014 Spring;33(1):2-32.
Tuesday, December 16, 2014
PLoS One. 2014 Dec 10;9(12):e114843. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0114843. eCollection 2014.