Centre de Recherche et d'Innovation sur le Sport EA 647, Université Claude Bernard Lyon I, Université de Lyon, Villeurbanne Cedex, France.
This study investigated health-related fitness in adolescents with intellectual disabilities and analysed the various performances in physicalfitness tests according to degrees of obesity.
Materials and Methods
Eighty-seven French intellectual disabilities adolescents (14.24 ± 1.48 years) performed the EUROFIT physicalfitness test battery. Height, weight and waist circumference were assessed, and BMI and waist-to-height ratio were calculated. 'Bio-impedancemetry' evaluated body fat (BF) percentage.
Ninety-four per cent of the adolescents completed the aerobic running test, 52% of which had low VO(2max) . Thirty-seven per cent were obese (%BF), and 32% had excess visceral adipose tissue. Adolescents with the lowest cardiorespiratory fitness had the highest BF percentages (P < 0.001).
Intellectual disabilities adolescents showed low physicalfitness and high prevalence of obesity. Both could further worsen social participation and health status.