Psychiatry Res. 2012 Feb 28. [Epub ahead of print]
Subjective well-being, hope, and needs of individuals with serious mental illness.
Hope, as a basic resource in human life, may affect individuals' perceptions of subjective well-being (SWB). Further, understanding individuals' needs is essential to improving their SWB. It is unclear how the impact of hope on SWB may be mediated by needs. The current study aimed to examine a mediation model for the relation between hope and SWB among individuals with serious mental illness (SMI). Face-to-face structured interviews were conducted with 172 individuals with SMI. Instruments included the Personal Wellbeing Index, the Hope Scale, and the Camberwell Assessment of Needs. Hope and needs were predictive of 40% of the variability in SWB, with hope being a stronger predictor. Having no needs was positively predictive of SWB, while total number of needs was negatively predictive of SWB. Path analyses revealed a strong direct effect of hope on SWB and a weaker, though still strong, indirect effect mediated through needs. The results underscore the importance of hope in improving SWB and, consequently, enhancing the recovery process of individuals with SMI. Therefore, mental health services should focus on hope-building.